It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves. needs free-drainage. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Animal Fodder; an excellent feed for cattle, pigs and poultry. Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 Both the bean and the pea will benefit the corn by fixing the nitrogen in the soil. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Calories from Fat 18.72 Kcal. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … In China, the roots are used as a sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary. have a strong spicy odour. Pigeon peas are an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. All rights reserved. Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. Leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green color above and silvery underneath. Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. It was grown for thousands of years in India. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 12 inches apart. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. The intake of single cup of pigeon peas provides about 110% of the daily recommended vitamins. 1. In Kenya, pigeon pea is the third most widely grown pulse crop, and it is one of the fastest growing cash crops with an annual growth rate of 3% in the last decade. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Young stems are angled and pubescent. Purseglove, Cajanus indicus var. In Panamanian folk medicine, it is used as a treatment for diabetes. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. bicolor (DC.) Cajanus bicolor DC. Kuntze, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. Scientific name - Cajanus cajan Chromosome number: 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa Often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group : Cajanus cajan var. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Facts about Peking Spurge (Da Ji) – Euphorbia pekinensis, Health Benefits of Purplestem beggarticks, White, cream, brown, purplish to black (Seeds), Subglobose - ellipsoid or squarish; Diameter: 5 mm (Seeds), Boost energy, Aids immunity, Healthy heart, Digestive health, Prevent anemia, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). 37 38 39. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. Description. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. In Ayurveda, it is used as volerant that heals wounds and sores. In Malay traditional medicine, leaves decoction helps to treat coughs, abdominal troubles and diarrhea. Preferred Common Name. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. The leaves and young shoots can be eaten cooked, they are fibrous and Origin: Asia and Africa. Wiki User Answered . Few well-known advantages of Pigeon Peas are listed below: Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. The flattened shape pods hold a substantial place among pulses in India. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Each pod contains about nine seeds which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having 5 mm as a diameter. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. 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