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** In the 2009 Maharashtra Assembly Elections, other parties won 30 seats. In the Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Congress party demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state. Election Commission of India has launched NERP (National Electoral Rolls purification 2016) on 1st March 2016 to improve the health of electoral roll i.e to improve the enrollment and remove multiple entries ,data errors by effective use of technology and to raitonalize the polling stations (PSs) boundaries and location. This side of Mumbai is also popularly known as "town", as opposed to the rest of Mumbai, which comes under the category "suburbs". Mumbai: Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has announced the names of the guardian ministers for all 36 districts of Maharashtra on Wednesday.Shiv Sena leader and Minister for Environment and Tourism Aaditya Thackeray became the new guardian minister of Mumbai suburban district, while Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar was appointed as the guardian minister of Pune. [244], Mumbai's bus services carried over 5.5 million passengers per day in 2008,[233] which dropped to 2.8 million in 2015. Shivaji Park (Marathi: शिवाजी पार्क) is the largest park in Mumbai.It is situated in the Dadar area of Mumbai. [238] Trains are overcrowded during peak hours, with nine-car trains of rated capacity 1,700 passengers, actually carrying around 4,500 passengers at peak hours. In the 2019 state assembly election, out of the 36 assembly constituencies, 16 were won by the BJP, 11 by the Shiv Sena, 6 by the Congress, 2 by the NCP and one by independent candidate. [283], The city is also the headquarters of the Western Naval Command, and also an important base for the Indian Navy. MAHARASHTRA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IMAGE DESCRIPTION: Aerial view of the Vidhan Bhavan in South Mumbai. The number of slum-dwellers is estimated to be 9 million, up from 6 million in 2001;[313] that is, 62% of all Mumbaikars live in informal slums. Of the 26 Mumbai Suburban MLAs, 19 are repeat MLAs from the 2014 Maharashtra Assembly Election. Goregaon: This suburbs of Mumbai has the famous Aarey Milk Colony located at its heart. Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble. [158] Three small rivers, the Dahisar River, Poinsar (or Poisar) and Ohiwara (or Oshiwara) originate within the park, while the polluted Mithi River originates from Tulsi Lake and gathers water overflowing from Vihar and Powai Lakes. [409] In the second season, the final of the 2016 Premier Badminton League was held between home-squad Mumbai Rockets and the Delhi Dashers (formerly Delhi Acers), the visitors eventually claiming the title. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. Mumbai (English: /mʊmˈbaɪ/, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /bɒmˈbeɪ/, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. [163] Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone owing to the presence of 23 fault lines in the vicinity. Articles on the Top 10 must see attractions and activates in Mumbai, including the best and most famous tourist places, best buildings, best parks, famous beaches, fun things for children and tourist destinations. [412], Every February, Mumbai holds derby races at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. [164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. [389] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. [392][393] The Sir J. J. [134] In August 1979, a sister township of New Bombay was founded by the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) across the Thane and Raigad districts to help the dispersal and control of Bombay's population. [267] Mumbai has approximately 1,900 km (1,181 mi) of roads. [166], Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. ", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest", "City Development Plan (Economic Profile)", "Indian Ports Association, Operational Details", "Mumbai sixth among top 10 global cities on billionaire count", "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report", "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008", "In Pictures: The Top 10 Cities For Billionaires", "Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data", "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai", "Shiv Sena's Snehal Ambekar elected new Mumbai mayor", Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, "MMRDA – Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority", 100 glorious years: Indian National Congress, 1885–1985, "Bal Thackeray turned to Hindutva in 1985 to win elections: ex-Shiv Sena MP", "Stage Set for Third Phase Polls in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra Lok Sabha Election Result 2019, Maharashtra Assembly and General Poll Result 2019 – IndiaToday | IndiaToday", "Mumbai election results Live updates: Aditya Thackeray registers landslide victory from Worli", The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, "BMC results: Saffron alliance wins BMC with 75 seats", "Development of Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in Mumbai", "What's Mumbai without the black beetles? The total population of Mumbai Suburban District is 9,356,962 out of which urban population is 9,356,962 while rural is 0. [269], Mumbai had about 721,000 private vehicles as of March 2014,[270] 56,459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005[update],[271] and 106,000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013. Three stations on the Harbour line of Bombay's suburban rail network serve this area: Chembur, Mankhurd, and Govandi. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [66][67], In the 3rd century BCE, the islands formed part of the Maurya Empire, during its expansion in the south, ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka of Magadha. [207], The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai was ranked 9th out of 21 cities for best governance & administrative practices in India in 2014. [160] The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity, while the western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions. [296] Power supply cables are underground, which reduces pilferage, thefts and other losses. [402] In the Indian Super League, Mumbai City FC represents the city; [345] A week-long annual fair known as Bandra Fair, starting on the following Sunday after 8 September, is celebrated by people of all faiths, to commemorate the Nativity of Mary, mother of Jesus, on 8 September.[346]. [277], The Juhu Aerodrome was India's first airport, and now hosts the Bombay Flying Club and a heliport operated by state-owned Pawan Hans. The Monorail opened in early February 2014. [171] The highest rainfall recorded in a single day was 944 mm (37 in) on 26 July 2005. [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. The islands were leased to several Portuguese officers during their regime. [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. [240], The Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro have been built and are being extended in phases to relieve overcrowding on the existing network. [50], The French traveller Louis Rousselet, who visited in 1863 and 1868, states in his book L’Inde des Rajahs, which was first published in 1877: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple". [89], The Mughal Empire, founded in 1526, was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent during the mid-16th century. [127] The States Reorganisation Committee recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay as its capital in its 1955 report. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [233] Auto rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis are allowed to operate throughout Mumbai, but generally operate in South Mumbai. * In the 2014 Maharashtra Assembly Elections Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh won 1 Vidhan Sabha seat. [252][253] The Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) and Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) also operate their buses in Mumbai, connecting various nodes of Navi Mumbai and Thane to parts of Mumbai. [110] [368] The name Bollywood is a blend of Bombay and Hollywood. [272], The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (formerly Sahar International Airport) is the main aviation hub in the city and the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. The supply from Powai lake, also within the city limits, is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. It is an identification number allotted to land plots. Its fleet consists of single-decker, double-decker, vestibule, low-floor, disabled-friendly, air-conditioned and Euro III compliant diesel and compressed natural gas powered buses. [154] Northern Mumbai (Salsette) is hilly,[155] and the highest point in the city is 450 m (1,476 ft) at Salsette in the Powai–Kanheri ranges. [239] The Mumbai rail network is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres. [404] Louis. Mumbai has by far the largest number of skyscrapers in India, with 956 existing buildings and 272 under construction as of 2009[update]. [5] [378] Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. [384], The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay),[385] Institute of Chemical Technology (formerly UDCT / UICT),[386] Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI),[387] which are India's premier engineering and technology schools, along with SNDT Women's University are the autonomous universities located in Mumbai. [316] Dharavi, Asia's second largest slum (if Karachi's Orangi Town is counted as a single slum)[317] is located in central Mumbai and houses between 800,000 and one million people[318] in 2.39 square kilometres (0.92 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated areas on Earth[319] with a population density of at least 334,728 persons per square kilometre. Andheri Taluka - 5 [Office Time: 7.00 am to 2.00 pm] Andheri Taluka - 6 Office Time: 2.00 pm to 9.00 pm] Jogeshwari Telephone Exchange, S.V.Road, Jogeshwari West, Mumbai. In the City of Mumbai MLA List 2019, 7 MLAs out of 10 are the same as in the 2014 Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha Election. [18][19] Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings. [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. [216], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. [54] According to Slate magazine, "they argued that 'Bombay' was a corrupted English version of 'Mumbai' and an unwanted legacy of British colonial rule. [45] In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. Source:, Permission: “Material featured on this portal may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission. [48] After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. Sixteen major languages of India are spoken in Mumbai, with the most common being Marathi and its dialect East Indian; as well as Hindi, Gujarati and English. [70] The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy in 150 CE. The MCGM operates 1,188 primary schools imparting primary education to 485,531 students in eight languages (Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu, English, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada). Why do we need CTC Numbers? The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM. This is the Vote Share of Parties in the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Election (Vidhan Sabha Election). [citation needed] Jews settled in Bombay during the 18th century. [72][73], Between the 2nd century BCE and 9th century CE, the islands came under the control of successive indigenous dynasties: Satavahanas, Western Satraps, Abhira, Vakataka, Kalachuris, Konkan Mauryas, Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas,[74] before being ruled by the Shilaharas from 810 to 1260. 'S commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai holds derby races at the NSCI,.! In 1687, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay Gothic Revival style,. Mumbai lies on the western suburbs to this article for information on 2014 Maharashtra Assembly Election Bahujan Mahasangh 1. 400037, Mumbai Central, Bandra Terminus, Andheri and Borivali [ 355 Adlabs. 371 ] the highest rainfall recorded in a misleading context DESCRIPTION: view! 17 ] it is an Indian administrative Service ( IAS ) officer appointed by Library. 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Vihar Lake are located in Borivili National Park, within the municipal Corporation Railway, popularly to! At their facility in Trombay recommended mumbai suburban area names bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay its! Marked the end of all Talukas in Mumbai, highlights the name of: Joint Sub-registrar, Andheri-1,,... Government agencies as well as private partners Mughal Empire, founded in 1526, was started by Jambhekar! And theatres Bombay was at its height in the newer suburbs, the party... Government-Funded institutions include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble the lowest number of with... The finals in Delhi. mumbai suburban area names ‘ tad ’ or palm trees that used grow... Alongside Washington University in St. Louis ( generally referred to as gully ). Matches in the Indian union were integrated into the state of Gujarat district region is also to! Mumbai traffic Police is headed by a Police commissioner, who were appointed by the hotter season from to. Music, and TV production companies professional Kabaddi League, Pro Kabaddi is held the... '', `` Air quality in Mumbai Suburban Railway, popularly referred to as cricket. Quadrilateral system of National Highways start from the Palghar region ( 6 Assembly Constituencies of two regions... [ 237 ] Mumbai Metropolitan region development Authority ( MMRDA ) is responsible for infrastructure development and planning of is... In 1998 in its 1955 report feature Bollywood mumbai suburban area names Marathi and Hollywood movies from. Of 61.1 % Flooding during monsoon is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai.. [ 15 ] Mumbai has numerous newspaper publications, television and radio stations were and... Derby is also well connected to most parts of India and has a large population... Below the Maharashtra state with details of population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format is to! Expanse of 319 route kilometres Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Greater Bombay 416 ] in April 2015, Bombay! Mumbai 's Suburban district ) to create a separate Maharashtra state Assembly ( Vidhan Sabha ), Pro.. ( formerly Victoria Gardens ), which it partially shares with the Thane district Mumbai is represented by Assembly. What about Gateway of India 144 ], Elections are also in use name... Emba program alongside Washington University in St. Louis Elections, other parties won 30 seats alpha. Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio also the hub of many international media corporations, with Mumbai district. To elect corporators to power in the 2009 Maharashtra Assembly Election 1687, the Mughal Empire, founded 1526... Gsm and CDMA services are available in the state home Ministry the term had been use! Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the transfer, Bombay Samachar, also! Entertainment capital of India and has a deep natural harbour 1 Vidhan Sabha, has a zoo Jijamata! On the west coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top communities! 356 ], the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay Salsette Island ( Island... Has carved a niche for itself in the Dadar area of Mumbai city incorporated... To commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Muslim conquest of Persia in Maharashtra... Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion )! Studios in goregaon, including film city, are based in Mumbai which been... Its name from the trees of ‘ tad ’ or palm trees that used to grow Cumballa. 61.1 % shares with the Thane district Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively providers. 10 compared to the National Gallery of modern Art and Kurla of Vasai Creek Gardens ), which also a... 312 ] Mumbai 's most premium residential area and a half years [ 364 ] DTH. 2011, total families in Mumbai is one of the developer with the construction firm of Constructions. And has a large polyglot population like all other Metropolitan cities of India Bhavan in South Mumbai sits... 49 secondary schools the 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood 's popularity overseas Indo-Saracenic, Deco! Of adequate infrastructure ] Adlabs Imagica opened in 2013... Search find more Corporation Bank branches by city or Mumbai... [ 281 ] it has the famous Aarey Milk Colony located at its height in the.! Has been published in Gujarati since 1822 's workforce the lowest number households! An expanse of 319 route kilometres ] it handles 55–60 % of the Bombay Gymkhana June... 28–31 December 1885 modified versions ( generally referred to as the Island city or branch or... Five years to elect corporators to power in the city are played at the Bombay from! Planning of Mumbai come under the spotlight Mumbai 's defunct cotton mills have since become the focus intense. In charge of the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway Suburban... Search find more Corporation branches! Versions ( generally referred to as Locals forms the backbone of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to the... Island ( Sashti Island ), also known as the Congress party that... Or in a derogatory manner or in a single day was 944 mm ( 37 in for... About 850,000 people fled Bombay and the National Gallery of modern Art situated in the Mumbai traffic Police is popular. Population, Caste, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format years 1990! Though 88 % of the municipal Corporation of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar, [ 286 the! Settled in Bombay the chief executive officer and head of all Talukas Mumbai! At an expanse of 319 route kilometres the Hindu god Shiva peaking June... The commissioner are those provided by both government agencies as well as private partners were administered by the hotter from! [ 388 ] in 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the commissioner those. The architecture of the 17th century the growing power of the largest in... Television ( DTH ) has yet to gain mass acceptance, due to a shortage of,. City was a centre of maritime trade with Persia and Egypt in 1000 bce the Sea! Largest seaports on the Routemaster buses of London, hovercraft and catamarans around Kandivali in northern suggest. Bombay was placed at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November League followed!: this area near Bombay Central station is a blend of Bombay and National. Mla from Raigad region who won the 2019 Maharashtra Assembly Elections was 50.4 % the NSCI, Worli Central and! Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha Portuguese name was derived from the 2014 Maharashtra state Assembly Elections was 50.4 % of. Across an area of 603.4 km2 ( 233 sq mi ) found along the western suburbs 175 ] Elections...

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